In 1848, while working on the Rutland & Burlington Railroad outside the town of Cavendish, Vermont, Phineas Gage suffered a horrific accident in which a large iron rod was driven completely through his head, destroying much of his brain’s left frontal lobe.
Gage survived, and after several months of convalescence, was able to leave hospital. He lived for nearly 12 years following his accident. He is often used as a case study for personality and behaviour change following brain trauma.
Phineas Gage: neuroscience’s most famous patient claims to offer the true story behind the well-known and often twisted myth, complete with photographic evidence of Gage’s injured skull from 1870. The article is an eye-opening story into how “his life did hint at something important: The brain and mind are one.”
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Author: Sam Kean
Phineas Gage, Neuroscience’s Most Famous Patient